Document Detail


Busulfan-induced pathological changes of the cerebellar development in infant rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23276622     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Busulfan, an antineoplastic bifunctional-alkylating agent, is known to induce developmental anomalies and fetal neurotoxicity. We previously reported that busulfan induced p53-dependent neural progenitor cell apoptosis in fetal rat brain (Ohira et al., 2012). The present study was carried out to clarify the characteristics and sequence of busulfan-induced pathological changes in infant rat brain. Six-day-old male infant rats were treated with 10, 20, 30 or 50mg/kg of busulfan, and their brains were examined at 1, 2, 4, 7, and 14 days after treatment (DAT). As a result, histopathological changes were selectively detected in the external granular layer (EGL), deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN) and cerebellar white matter (CWM) in the cerebellum with dose-dependent severity but not in the cerebrum. In the normal infant rat cerebellum, granular cells in the EGL were proliferating and moving to the internal granular layer during the normal developmental process. In the EGL of the busulfan group, apoptotic granular cells increased at 2 DAT simultaneously with increased numbers of p53- and p21-positive cells while mitotic granular cells decreased, suggesting an occurrence of p53-related apoptosis and depression of proliferative activity in granular cells. In the DCN, apoptotic glial cells increased at 2 DAT and glial cells showing abnormal mitosis increased at 4 DAT. In the CWN, edematous change accompanying a few apoptotic cells was found in the CWN, especially in the parafolliculus (PFL), from 2 to 7 DAT. The present study demonstrated for the first time the characteristics and sequence of busulfan-induced pathological changes in infant rat cerebellum.
Authors:
Toko Ohira; Ryo Ando; Tsubasa Saito; Megumi Yahata; Yosuke Oshima; Kazutoshi Tamura
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental and toxicologic pathology : official journal of the Gesellschaft fur Toxikologische Pathologie     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1618-1433     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp. Toxicol. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208920     Medline TA:  Exp Toxicol Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Gotemba Laboratories, Biology and Zoology (BOZO) Research Center Inc., 1284, Kamado, Gotemba, Shizuoka 412-0039, Japan. Electronic address: ohira-toko@bozo.co.jp.
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