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Burn Injuries Requiring Hospitalization for Infants Younger Than 1 Year.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21959210     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To investigate burn injuries requiring hospitalization sustained during the first year of life, clinical data collected during hospital treatment of infants younger than 1 year were reviewed. The principal aim was to chart the etiology and mechanism of burn injuries in this group to focus on the necessary preventive measures. The authors also review literature focusing especially on children younger than 1 year. Patients identified in the electronic database were referred to the Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland, from January 2005 to December 2009. Specific inclusion criteria yielded a cohort of 20 patient records, which accounted for 3% of the 692 admissions due to pediatric burn injury during the 5-year study period. The male to female ratio was 1:1.5 and the mean age was 6.3 months. Most burns were sustained at home during domestic tasks and were most often witnessed. The etiology in the majority of the cases was scalding (85%), while contact burns accounted for the remaining. The final TBSA ranged from 0.5 to 40% (mean 8.5%). In 13 cases (65%), the initial TBSA was overestimated. Overall, it was concluded that burn injuries in this age group are most often witnessed and take place while the infant is being held at the same time as the hot item. Parental education on typical situations in which burn injuries happen in preambulatory infants may help reduce the number of burn injuries.
Authors:
Elina Laitakari; Sari Pyörälä; Virve Koljonen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0488     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101262774     Medline TA:  J Burn Care Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
From the Departments of *Paediatric Surgery and †Plastic Surgery, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Helsinki University Hospital, Finland.
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