Document Detail

The Burden of Childhood Pneumonia in the Developed World: A Review of the Literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23099423     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Estimates of the disease burden from childhood pneumonia are available for most developed countries, but they are based mainly on models. Measured country-specific pneumonia burden data are limited to a few nations and differ in case definitions and case ascertainment methods. We reviewed the literature for studies describing childhood pneumonia incidence in North America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand and Japan. Available estimates suggest that each year in developed countries there are up to 2.6 million cases of pneumonia, including 1.5 million hospitalized cases and around 3,000 pneumonia deaths (compared with approximately 640 annual deaths from meningitis) in children less than 5 years of age.Data to inform policy decisions would be improved by information on burden and etiology of severe pneumonia, population-based incidence of ambulatory visits and hospitalizations, and prevalence of complications and sequelae.
Shabir A Madhi; Philippe De Wals; Carlos G Grijalva; Keith Grimwood; Ronald Grossman; Naruhiko Ishiwada; Ping-Ing Lee; Cristiana Nascimento-Carvalho; Hanna Nohynek; Katherine L O'Brien; Anne Vergison; Joanne Wolter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Pediatric infectious disease journal     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-0987     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701858     Medline TA:  Pediatr Infect Dis J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1.Medical Research Council: Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa 2.Department of Science and Technology/National Research Foundation: Vaccine Preventable Diseases, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa 3.Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Laval University, Quebec city, Canada 4.Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA 5.Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. 6.University of Toronto and Credit Valley Hospital, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada 7.Department of Pediatrics, Chiba University Graduate school of Medicine, Chiba, Japan 8.National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan 9.Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Bahia School of Medicine, Salvador, Brazil 10.Department of Vaccines and Immune Protection, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland 11.Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA 12.Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Infection Control & Epidemiology Unit, Univ Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium 13.Outcontractor to GlaxoSmithKline Vaccines Belgium, Australia.
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