Document Detail


Bupropion improves attention but does not affect impulsive behavior in healthy young adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18489015     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Bupropion is an effective abstinence aid for cessation of smoking and possibly other drug use as well. There is evidence that bupropion improves attention and impulse control in certain patient populations, and improvements in these processes could mediate its efficacy as an abstinence aid. In the present study, we tested the effects of acute bupropion on measures of attention and impulsivity in healthy adults with d-amphetamine included as a positive control. Twenty-two nonsmokers (11 women) and 11 smokers (4 women) completed four 4-hr sessions where they received placebo, bupropion (150 or 300 mg), or d-amphetamine (20 mg) in capsules. Ninety minutes after capsule administration, participants were tested on attention with a simple reaction time task (SRT) and on impulsivity with the stop task, a delay and probability discounting task (DPD), and the balloon analogue risk task (BART). Participants also completed mood questionnaires during sessions. Bupropion (150 mg) decreased lapses in attention on the SRT, but did not affect performance on the stop task, DPD, or BART. Amphetamine decreased lapses in attention and speeded sensory motor processing time on the SRT but did not significantly affect responding on the stop task or DPD. On the BART, d-amphetamine tended to decrease risk taking in men but increased risk taking in women. Bupropion (300 mg) and d-amphetamine increased ratings of arousal. These results suggest that bupropion improves attention without affecting impulsive behavior in healthy adults. Improvements in attention may contribute to the effectiveness of bupropion as a pharmacotherapy for smoking.
Authors:
Ashley Acheson; Harriet de Wit
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1064-1297     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Clin Psychopharmacol     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-20     Completed Date:  2008-08-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9419066     Medline TA:  Exp Clin Psychopharmacol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  113-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology, Research Imaging Center, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA. acheson@uthscsa.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Affect / drug effects
Attention / drug effects*
Bupropion / pharmacology*
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors / pharmacology*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Double-Blind Method
Female
Humans
Impulsive Behavior / drug therapy*
Indoles / pharmacology
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Smoking / drug therapy,  physiopathology,  psychology
Smoking Cessation / methods,  psychology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA 09133/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; T32 DA 07255/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors; 0/Indoles; 34841-39-9/Bupropion; 91531-98-5/amphethinile

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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