Document Detail


Bullying victimization as a mediator of associations between cultural/familial variables, substance use, and depressive symptoms among Hispanic youth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23297708     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: This article examines the antecedents and consequences of bullying victimization among a sample of Hispanic high school students. Although cultural and familial variables have been examined as potential risk or protective factors for substance use and depression, previous studies have not examined the role of peer victimization in these processes. We evaluated a conceptual model in which cultural and familial factors influenced the risk of victimization, which in turn influenced the risk of substance use and depression.
DESIGN: Data were collected as part of a longitudinal survey study of 9th and 10th grade Hispanic/Latino students in Southern California (n = 1167). The student bodies were at least 70% Hispanic/Latino with a range of socioeconomic characteristics represented. We used linear and logistic regression models to test hypothesized relationships between cultural and familial factors and depression and substance use. We used a mediational model to assess whether bullying victimization mediated these associations.
RESULTS: Acculturative stress and family cohesion were significantly associated with bullying victimization. Family cohesion was associate d with depression and substance use. Social support was associated with alcohol use. Acculturative stress was associated with higher depression. The associations between acculturative stress and depression, family cohesion and depression, and family cohesion and cigarette use were mediated by bullying victimization.
CONCLUSION: These findings provide valuable information to the growing, but still limited, literature about the cultural barriers and strengths that are intrinsic to the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood among Hispanic youth. Our findings are consistent with a mediational model in which cultural/familial factors influence the risk of peer victimization, which in turn influences depressive symptoms and smoking, suggesting the potential positive benefits of school-based programs that facilitate the development of coping skills for students experiencing cultural and familial stressors.
Authors:
Myriam Forster; Stephanie R Dyal; Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati; Chih-Ping Chou; Daniel W Soto; Jennifer B Unger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2013-01-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethnicity & health     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1465-3419     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethn Health     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-25     Completed Date:  2014-04-07     Revised Date:  2014-08-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9608374     Medline TA:  Ethn Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  415-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acculturation*
Adolescent
Adolescent Behavior / ethnology
Bullying / psychology*
California / ethnology
Crime Victims* / psychology,  rehabilitation
Depression* / epidemiology,  etiology,  prevention & control,  psychology
Family Characteristics
Female
Health Services Needs and Demand
Hispanic Americans*
Humans
Male
Minority Groups / psychology*
Models, Psychological
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Social Adjustment
Social Support
Substance-Related Disorders* / epidemiology,  etiology,  prevention & control,  psychology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA016310/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA016310/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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