Document Detail

Bullying among pediatric patients with food allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20934627     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: There are reports of children and teens with food allergy being harassed because of their food allergy, yet no study to date has attempted to characterize these occurrences.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the presence and characteristics of bullying, teasing, or harassment of food-allergic patients owing to their food allergies.
METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by food-allergic teens and adults and by parents of food-allergic children.
RESULTS: A total of 353 surveys were completed. Because most food-allergic individuals were children, most surveys were completed by parents of food-allergic individuals. The ages of the food-allergic individuals were younger than 4 years (25.9%), 4 to 11 years (55.0%), 12 to 18 years (12.5%), 19 to 25 years (2.6%), and older than 25 years (4.0%). Including all age groups, 24% of respondents reported that the food-allergic individual had been bullied, teased, or harassed because of food allergy. Of those who were bullied, teased, or harassed, 86% reported multiple episodes. Eighty-two percent of episodes occurred at school, and 80% were perpetrated mainly by classmates. Twenty-one percent of those who were bullied, teased, or harassed reported the perpetrators to be teachers or school staff. Overall, 79% of those bullied, teased, or harassed attributed this solely to food allergy. Of those bullied, 57% described physical events, such as being touched by an allergen and having an allergen thrown or waved at them, and several reported intentional contamination of their food with allergen.
CONCLUSIONS: Bullying, teasing, and harassment of children with food allergy seems to be common, frequent, and repetitive. These actions pose emotional and physical risks that should be addressed in food allergy management.
Jay A Lieberman; Christopher Weiss; Terence J Furlong; Mati Sicherer; Scott H Sicherer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1081-1206     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  282-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Elliot and Roslyn Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.
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Comment In:
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2010 Dec;105(6):410-1   [PMID:  21130376 ]

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