Document Detail


Bullying among pediatric patients with food allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20934627     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: There are reports of children and teens with food allergy being harassed because of their food allergy, yet no study to date has attempted to characterize these occurrences.
OBJECTIVES: To determine the presence and characteristics of bullying, teasing, or harassment of food-allergic patients owing to their food allergies.
METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by food-allergic teens and adults and by parents of food-allergic children.
RESULTS: A total of 353 surveys were completed. Because most food-allergic individuals were children, most surveys were completed by parents of food-allergic individuals. The ages of the food-allergic individuals were younger than 4 years (25.9%), 4 to 11 years (55.0%), 12 to 18 years (12.5%), 19 to 25 years (2.6%), and older than 25 years (4.0%). Including all age groups, 24% of respondents reported that the food-allergic individual had been bullied, teased, or harassed because of food allergy. Of those who were bullied, teased, or harassed, 86% reported multiple episodes. Eighty-two percent of episodes occurred at school, and 80% were perpetrated mainly by classmates. Twenty-one percent of those who were bullied, teased, or harassed reported the perpetrators to be teachers or school staff. Overall, 79% of those bullied, teased, or harassed attributed this solely to food allergy. Of those bullied, 57% described physical events, such as being touched by an allergen and having an allergen thrown or waved at them, and several reported intentional contamination of their food with allergen.
CONCLUSIONS: Bullying, teasing, and harassment of children with food allergy seems to be common, frequent, and repetitive. These actions pose emotional and physical risks that should be addressed in food allergy management.
Authors:
Jay A Lieberman; Christopher Weiss; Terence J Furlong; Mati Sicherer; Scott H Sicherer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1081-1206     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  282-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Elliot and Roslyn Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA. Jay.lieberman@mssm.edu
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Comment In:
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2010 Dec;105(6):410-1   [PMID:  21130376 ]

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