Document Detail

Building foundations for transcatheter intervascular anastomoses: 3D anatomy of the great vessels in large experimental animals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24994699     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: To provide comprehensive illustrations of anatomy of the relevant vessels in large experimental animals in an interactive format as preparation for developing an effective and safe transcatheter technique of aortopulmonary and bidirectional cavopulmonary intervascular anastomoses.
METHODS: Computed tomographic angiographic studies in two calves and two sheep were used to prepare 3D reconstructions of the aorta, pulmonary arteries, and caval and pulmonary veins. Based on these reconstructions, computer simulations of the creation of stent-enhanced aortopulmonary and bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomoses were made.
RESULTS: We observed the following major anatomical features: (i) caudal course of the main pulmonary artery and its branches with the proximal right pulmonary artery located immediately caudal to the aortic arch, and with the central left pulmonary artery lying at a substantial distance from the descending aorta; and (ii) the distal right pulmonary artery is located dorsal to the right atrium and inferior caval vein at a substantial distance from the superior caval vein. Animations showed creation of transcatheter analogues of Waterston's and Potts' aortopulmonary shunts through placement of a covered spool-shaped stent, and the transcatheter creation of bidirectional Glenn's cavopulmonary anastomosis, by placement of a long covered trumpet-shaped stent.
CONCLUSIONS: There are considerable differences in vascular anatomy between large experimental animals and humans. Given the need to elaborate new transcatheter techniques for intervascular anastomoses in suitable animal models before application to human, it is crucial to take these anatomical differences into account during testing and optimization of the proposed procedures.
Aleksander Sizarov; Bernadette S de Bakker; Karina Klein; Stefanie Ohlerth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1569-9285     ISO Abbreviation:  Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101158399     Medline TA:  Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
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