Document Detail

Building capacity for risk factor surveillance in developing countries: a new approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16003917     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The need to create surveillance systems that go beyond data release and generate useful, relevant and accessible information has been widely recognized. To reach this goal the design and implementation of surveillance systems should consider not only technical issues but aspects that guarantee their sustainability and utility and more important, the utilization of surveillance data for resource allocation and planning of health programs and interventions. Until now key issues have been neglected, such as political will, community involvement, decision-making processes and accountability in surveillance outcomes. For many years we have faced the same problems, all within an epidemiological mosaic where infectious and communicable diseases coexist, with limited capacity to conduct surveillance, low priority given by decision-makers, lack of resources, scarce utilization of information, competing priority between chronic, infectious diseases and risk factors surveillance. Technical, management and political approaches involving new partnerships, new ways to involve different stakeholders in the process, new methods and tools, ways to overcome resource restrictions and improve surveillance effectiveness, have to be achieved. An alternative approach has been suggested to meet the above problems and to make surveillance socially responsible; relevant and effective, not only for reporting, but for its contribution to produce the needed health changes and sustain these outcomes. The vision, strategies, methods, tools and results of a community-based surveillance system are presented. Three aspects are addressed, the context in which the surveillance is applied; the theory supporting behavioural risk factor surveillance; the perspectives, goals, solutions and lessons learned from previous experience.
Ligia de Salazar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sozial- und Präventivmedizin     Volume:  50 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0303-8408     ISO Abbreviation:  Soz Praventivmed     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-11     Completed Date:  2005-12-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502479     Medline TA:  Soz Praventivmed     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S33-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Development and Evaluation of Policies and Programs in Public Health, School of Public Health, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia.
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MeSH Terms
Communicable Disease Control / organization & administration
Decision Making, Computer-Assisted
Developing Countries*
Health Behavior
Health Education / organization & administration
Health Policy / trends
Health Promotion / organization & administration
Health Status Indicators*
Policy Making
Population Surveillance / methods*
Public Health Informatics / organization & administration

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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