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Bronchomalacia in Dogs with Myxomatous Mitral Valve Degeneration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22332787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Cough in the geriatric small breed dog with myxomatous mitral valve degeneration (MMVD), a large left atrium, and absence of heart failure often is attributed to compression of the left mainstem bronchus by the left atrium. Studies investigating this syndrome are lacking in dogs. HYPOTHESIS: Airway collapse is independent of left atrial enlargement. ANIMALS: A total of 16 dogs presenting with chronic cough in the absence of congestive heart failure. Group 1 dogs (n = 10) had moderate-to-severe left atrial enlargement based on an echocardiographically calculated left atrial:aortic surface area [LA:Ao(a)] > 6. Group 2 dogs (n = 6) had no to mild left atrial enlargement [LA:Ao(a) ≤ 6]. METHODS: Dogs were prospectively evaluated. CBC, biochemistry, urinalysis, cervical and thoracic radiographs, fluoroscopy, echocardiography, and bronchoscopy were performed. Bronchoscopic abnormalities were compared between groups using Fisher's Exact Test. P < .05 was considered significant. RESULTS: Fluoroscopy identified airway collapse in both groups. Bronchoscopic evidence of airway collapse >50% was observed in multiple bronchi with no difference between groups. All dogs had inflammation on airway cytology with respiratory infection in 1 dog in group 2. Left atrial size was interpreted radiographically as enlarged in 9 of 10 group 1 dog and in 2 of 6 group 2 dogs. VHS was above normal in both groups of dogs regardless of echocardiographic evidence of cardiomegaly. CONCLUSIONS: Results failed to identify an association between left atrial enlargement and airway collapse in dogs with MMVD, but did suggest that airway inflammation is common in dogs with airway collapse.
Authors:
M K Singh; L R Johnson; M D Kittleson; R E Pollard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of veterinary internal medicine / American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1939-1676     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8708660     Medline TA:  J Vet Intern Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.
Affiliation:
Cardiology Service, William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital.
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