Document Detail

Bronchial artery embolization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19853230     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Massive hemoptysis is a life-threatening emergency. Chest radiograph, computed tomography, and bronchoscopy play a complementary role in diagnosing the underlying cause of hemorrhage and localizing the bleeding site. Bronchial artery embolization remains the primary and most effective method in controlling massive hemoptysis. Bronchial and nonbronchial systemic arteries are the main source of bleeding and are embolized with polyvinyl alcohol particles or gelatin sponge. Immediate cessation of bleeding occurs in more than 75% of patients; however, long-term recurrences are common in patients with progressive lung disease. Complications are infrequent except for a rare occurrence of spinal cord ischemia.
Sanjeeva P Kalva
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Techniques in vascular and interventional radiology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1557-9808     ISO Abbreviation:  Tech Vasc Interv Radiol     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-26     Completed Date:  2010-01-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806675     Medline TA:  Tech Vasc Interv Radiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  130-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, GRB-290, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bronchial Arteries* / radiography
Embolization, Therapeutic* / adverse effects
Hemoptysis / diagnosis,  etiology,  physiopathology,  therapy*
Radiography, Interventional*
Severity of Illness Index
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Treatment Outcome

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