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Bromocriptine-induced apoptosis in pituitary adenoma cells: relationship to p53 and bcl-2 expression.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10844757     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In an attempt to understand the roles of the tumour suppressor gene p53 and the proto-oncogene bcl-2 in cell death and survival in pituitary adenomas, we investigated the relationship of their expression to the apoptotic response of two pituitary adenoma cell lines (GH3 and AtT-20) to bromocriptine. An MTT (3-4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrasolium bromide) assay was performed after treatment with bromocriptine for various periods of time over a range of concentrations to determine the effect of this drug on cell growth. Bromocriptine inhibited growth of GH3 and AtT-20 cells in a dose dependent manner. DNA fragmentation was assessed in GH3 and AtT-20 cells exposed to 10 ug/ml bromocriptine- for 48 h and 72 h. The DNA of GH3 and AtT-20 cells showed nucleosomal fragmentation, indicative of apoptosis. When assayed 2 days after adding bromocriptine, approximately 60% of GH3 and 58% of AtT-20 cells treated with bromocriptine displayed typical apoptotic morphology, including condensed chromatin and fragmented nuclei. There was a time dependent increase in the proportion of all tumour cells undergoing apoptosis. Decreased expression of bcl-2 and accumulation of wild-type p53 were associated with bromocriptine induced apoptosis in pituitary adenoma cells. DNA analysis confirmed the results obtained by the protein study. Different expression of p53 and bcl-2 genes is consistent with the expression of these gene products. These findings show that bromocriptine activated wild-type p53 and suppressed bcl-2 favouring occurrence of apoptosis in pituitary adenoma cells. Copyright 1999 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.
Yin; Tamaki; Kokunai; Yasuo; Yonezawa
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Publication Detail:
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1532-2653     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Neurosci     Publication Date:  1999 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9433352     Medline TA:  J Clin Neurosci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  326-331     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Neurosurgery, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan
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