Document Detail


Broiler litter ammonia emissions near sidewalls, feeders, and waterers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23776254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ammonia (NH3) volatilized from broiler litter diminishes indoor air quality, which can potentially decrease bird productivity. Emissions of NH3 exhausted from broiler houses pose environmental concerns for ecosystem biodiversity, aquatic nutrient enrichment, and particulate formation in the atmosphere. Research was conducted sampling litter (rice hull base) in 3 tunnel-ventilated commercial broiler houses during wk 3 (mid-growout) of 6 flocks. The purpose was to assess NH3 generated near the sidewalls, waterers, and feeders. Litter samples (100 g) were placed in chambers receiving constant air flow. Boric acid (H3BO3) titration each 24 h for 4 d was used to determine NH3 volatilized from the samples. Litter located near waterers emitted the most cumulative NH3 (approximately 12.3 mg of N•kg of litter(-1)•h(-1)) with less NH3 associated with feeders and sidewalls (2.9 to 7.6 mg of N•kg of litter(-1)•h(-1)). Moisture content of litter samples was greatest at waterers (45%) followed by sidewalls (26%) and feeders (20%). In addition, litter pH at the sidewalls and feeders could be predicted by linear equations associated with the number of flocks on the litter. At the waterers, litter pH was differentiated based on the half of house where higher litter pH existed in the nonbrood half (8.55 vs. 8.13). The results indicate that controlling NH3 near watering lines to a level consistent with feeding lines and near the house wall could reduce NH3 generated by 38 to 77%. These findings support efforts for NH3 control at mid-growout, especially considering zone litter treatments near waterers and appropriate attention to waterer management.
Authors:
D M Miles; J P Brooks; M R McLaughlin; D E Rowe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Poultry science     Volume:  92     ISSN:  0032-5791     ISO Abbreviation:  Poult. Sci.     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401150     Medline TA:  Poult Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1693-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Genetics and Precision Agriculture Research Unit, Mississippi State 39762, MS; and.
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