Document Detail

Bringing light into the dark: effects of compression clothing on performance and recovery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23302134     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
To assess original research addressing the effect of the application of compression clothing on sport performance and recovery after exercise, a computer-based literature research was performed in July 2011 using the electronic databases PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science. Studies examining the effect of compression clothing on endurance, strength and power, motor control, and physiological, psychological, and biomechanical parameters during or after exercise were included, and means and measures of variability of the outcome measures were recorded to estimate the effect size (Hedges g) and associated 95% confidence intervals for comparisons of experimental (compression) and control trials (noncompression). The characteristics of the compression clothing, participants, and study design were also extracted. The original research from peer-reviewed journals was examined using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) Scale. Results indicated small effect sizes for the application of compression clothing during exercise for short-duration sprints (10-60 m), vertical-jump height, extending time to exhaustion (such as running at VO2max or during incremental tests), and time-trial performance (3-60 min). When compression clothing was applied for recovery purposes after exercise, small to moderate effect sizes were observed in recovery of maximal strength and power, especially vertical-jump exercise; reductions in muscle swelling and perceived muscle pain; blood lactate removal; and increases in body temperature. These results suggest that the application of compression clothing may assist athletic performance and recovery in given situations with consideration of the effects magnitude and practical relevance.
Dennis-Peter Born; Billy Sperlich; Hans-Christer Holmberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports physiology and performance     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1555-0265     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Physiol Perform     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101276430     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Physiol Perform     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dept of Sport Science, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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