Document Detail

Brimonidine's neuroprotective effects against transient ischaemia-induced retinal ganglion cell death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11592529     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Brimonidine is a lowering pressure agent currently used in glaucoma. This chronic degenerative condition is characterised by neuronal death, and an agent which offers neuroprotection may slow down or impede the progression of neuronal cell death. METHODS: The effects of brimonidine (BMD) on the short- and long-term survival of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) after transient retinal ischaemia are reported here using a rat model. The fluorescent tracer Fluorogold (FG) was applied to both superior colliculi to retrogradely label RGCs. A ninety-minute period of ischaemia was induced and densities of surviving RGCs were estimated over time by counting FG-labelled RGCs in 12 standard regions of each retina. RESULTS: Seven days after inducing transient ischaemia, there was loss of approximately half of the RGC population. Topical pre-treatment with 0.1% or 0.5% BMD prevented ischaemia-induced RGC death. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that optimal neuroprotective effects against the early loss of RGCs are seen with 0.1% or 0.5% BMD. Ischaemia-induced RGC loss continued between day 7 and day 21 in the vehicle treated groups and amounted to approximately 25% of the RGC population. Topical pre-treatment with 0.1% or 0.5% BMD was also effective in reducing the slow loss of RGCs.
M Vidal-Sanz; M P Lafuente; S Mayor-Torroglosa; M E Aguilera; J Miralles de Imperial; M P Villegas-Pérez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  11 Suppl 2     ISSN:  1120-6721     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Ophthalmol     Publication Date:    2001 Jul-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-10-10     Completed Date:  2002-02-20     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110772     Medline TA:  Eur J Ophthalmol     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S36-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Murcia, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Topical
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists / pharmacology*
Cell Survival / drug effects
Neuroprotective Agents / pharmacology*
Quinoxalines / pharmacology*
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2 / agonists*
Reperfusion Injury / pathology,  prevention & control*
Retinal Diseases / pathology,  prevention & control*
Retinal Ganglion Cells / drug effects*,  pathology
Retinal Vessels
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic alpha-Agonists; 0/Neuroprotective Agents; 0/Quinoxalines; 0/Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2; 59803-98-4/brimonidine

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