Document Detail


Brief communication: the popliteal sesamoid bone (cyamella) in primates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1736668     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A study of 246 adult nonhuman primates belonging to 34 genera indicates that a popliteal sesamoid bone is always present in the tendon of the popliteus muscle in Prosimii and Callitrichidae. The bone occurs only variably in Atelidae and Pongo, and is usually absent in Gorilla. The bone is absent, or very rare, in Cebus, Cercopithecidae, Hylobatidae, Pan, and humans. When the bone is present, it articulates with the posterior part of the articular surface of the lateral condyle of the tibia, and lies very close to the head of the fibula, at the angulated part of the popliteal tendon, near the tendomuscular junction. The presence of the popliteal sesamoid bone in primates is a primitive character.
Authors:
J M Le Minor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physical anthropology     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0002-9483     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.     Publication Date:  1992 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-03-09     Completed Date:  1992-03-09     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400654     Medline TA:  Am J Phys Anthropol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  107-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institut d'Anatomie Normale, Faculté de Médecine, Strasbourg, France.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cebidae / anatomy & histology
Cercopithecidae / anatomy & histology
Haplorhini / anatomy & histology
Knee Joint / anatomy & histology*
Primates / anatomy & histology*
Sesamoid Bones / anatomy & histology*
Strepsirhini / anatomy & histology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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