Document Detail


Brief report: is cognitive rehabilitation needed in verbal adults with autism? Insights from initial enrollment in a trial of cognitive enhancement therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23381484     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cognitive rehabilitation is an emerging set of potentially effective interventions for the treatment of autism spectrum disorder, yet the applicability of these approaches for "high functioning" adults who have normative levels of intelligence remains unexplored. This study examined the initial cognitive performance characteristics of 40 verbal adults with autism enrolled in a pilot trial of Cognitive Enhancement Therapy to investigate the need for cognitive rehabilitation in this population. Results revealed marked and broad deficits across neurocognitive and social-cognitive domains, despite above-average IQ. Areas of greatest impairment included processing speed, cognitive flexibility, and emotion perception and management. These findings indicate the need for comprehensive interventions designed to enhance cognition among verbal adults with autism who have intact intellectual functioning.
Authors:
Shaun M Eack; Amber L Bahorik; Susan S Hogarty; Deborah P Greenwald; Maralee Y Litschge; Carla A Mazefsky; Nancy J Minshew
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of autism and developmental disorders     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1573-3432     ISO Abbreviation:  J Autism Dev Disord     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-08-16     Completed Date:  2014-03-20     Revised Date:  2014-04-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7904301     Medline TA:  J Autism Dev Disord     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2233-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Autistic Disorder / psychology,  rehabilitation*
Cognition*
Cognition Disorders / psychology,  rehabilitation*
Cognitive Therapy / methods*
Female
Humans
Intelligence
Male
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD-55748/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; K23 HD060601/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; K23 MH095783/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; KL2 RR024154/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; MH-85851/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH-95783/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; P50 HD055748/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R21 MH085851/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R33 MH085851/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; RR-24154/RR/NCRR NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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