Document Detail


Bridging research and practice: models for dissemination and implementation research.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22898128     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
CONTEXT: Theories and frameworks (hereafter called models) enhance dissemination and implementation (D&I) research by making the spread of evidence-based interventions more likely. This work organizes and synthesizes these models by (1) developing an inventory of models used in D&I research; (2) synthesizing this information; and (3) providing guidance on how to select a model to inform study design and execution.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This review began with commonly cited models and model developers and used snowball sampling to collect models developed in any year from journal articles, presentations, and books. All models were analyzed and categorized in 2011 based on three author-defined variables: construct flexibility, focus on dissemination and/or implementation activities (D/I), and the socioecologic framework (SEF) level. Five-point scales were used to rate construct flexibility from broad to operational and D/I activities from dissemination-focused to implementation-focused. All SEF levels (system, community, organization, and individual) applicable to a model were also extracted. Models that addressed policy activities were noted.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Sixty-one models were included in this review. Each of the five categories in the construct flexibility and D/I scales had at least four models. Models were distributed across all levels of the SEF; the fewest models (n=8) addressed policy activities. To assist researchers in selecting and utilizing a model throughout the research process, the authors present and explain examples of how models have been used.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings may enable researchers to better identify and select models to inform their D&I work.
Authors:
Rachel G Tabak; Elaine C Khoong; David A Chambers; Ross C Brownson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of preventive medicine     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1873-2607     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Prev Med     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-17     Completed Date:  2013-01-09     Revised Date:  2014-09-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704773     Medline TA:  Am J Prev Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  337-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Diffusion of Innovation*
Evidence-Based Practice
Humans
Models, Theoretical*
Policy
Policy Making
Research / organization & administration*
Research Design
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1R01CA124404-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS; DP000060-04/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS; TL1RR024995/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; U48 DP000060/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS; U48/DP001903/DP/NCCDPHP CDC HHS; UL1 TR000448/TR/NCATS NIH HHS; UL1RR024992/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; Z99 MH999999/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
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