Document Detail

Breathing pattern and thoracoabdominal motion during exercise in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19099148     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) present breathing pattern and thoracoabdominal motion abnormalities that may contribute to exercise limitation. Twenty-two men with stable COPD (FEV1 = 42.6 +/- 13.5% predicted; age 68 +/- 8 years; mean +/- SD) on usual medication and with at least 5 years of diagnosis were evaluated at rest and during an incremental cycle exercise test (10 watts/2 min). Changes in respiratory frequency, tidal volume, rib cage and abdominal motion contribution to tidal volume and the phase angle that measures the asynchrony were analyzed by inductive respiratory plethysmography at rest and during three levels of exercise (30-50, 70-80, and 100% maximal work load). Repeated measures ANOVA followed by pre-planned contrasts and Bonferroni corrections were used for analyses. As expected, the greater the exercise intensity the higher the tidal volume and respiratory frequency. Abdominal motion contributed to the tidal volume increase (rest: 49.82 +/- 11.19% vs exercise: 64.15 +/- 9.7%, 63.41 +/- 10%, and 65.56 +/- 10.2%, respectively, P < 0.001) as well as the asynchrony [phase angle: 11.95 +/- 7.24 degrees at rest vs 22.2 +/- 15 degrees (P = 0.002), 22.6 +/- 9 degrees (P < 0.001), and 22.7 +/- 8 degrees (P < 0.001), respectively, at the three levels of exercise]. In conclusion, the increase in ventilation during exercise in COPD patients was associated with the major motion of the abdominal compartment and with an increase in the asynchrony independent of exercise intensity. It suggests that cycling exercise is an effective way of enhancing ventilation in COPD patients.
G S Alves; R R Britto; F C Campos; A B O Vilaça; K S Moraes; V F Parreira
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas médicas e biológicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofísica ... [et al.]     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1414-431X     ISO Abbreviation:  Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-22     Completed Date:  2009-07-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8112917     Medline TA:  Braz J Med Biol Res     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  945-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Fisioterapia, Escola de Educação Física, Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
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MeSH Terms
Abdominal Wall / physiology*
Diaphragm / physiology*
Exercise Test
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / physiopathology*
Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*
Rest / physiology
Thoracic Wall / physiology*
Tidal Volume

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