Document Detail

Breathing pattern in highly competitive cyclists during incremental exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10344461     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of our investigation was to analyse the breathing patterns of professional cyclists during incremental exercise from submaximal to maximal intensities. A group of 11 elite amateur male road cyclists [E, mean age 23 (SD 2) years, peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) 73.8 (SD 5.0) ml kg(-1) min(-1)] and 14 professional male road cyclists [P, mean age 26 (SD 2) years, (VO2peak) 73.2 (SD 6.6) ml kg(-1) min(-1)] participated in this study. Each of the subjects performed an exercise test on a cycle ergometer following a ramp protocol (exercise intensity increases of 25 W x min(-1)) until the subject was exhausted. For each subject, the following parameters were recorded during the tests: oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide output (VCO2), pulmonary ventilation (VE), tidal volume (VT), breathing frequency (fb), ventilatory equivalents for oxygen (VE x VO2(-1)) and carbon dioxide (VE x VCO2(-1)), end-tidal partial pressure of oxygen and partial pressure of carbon dioxide, inspiratory (tI) and expiratory (tE) times, inspiratory duty cycle (tI/tTOT, where tTOT is the time for one respiratory cycle), and mean inspiratory flow rate (VT/tI). Mean values of VE were significantly higher in E at 300, 350 and 400 W (P < 0.05, P < 0.05 and P < 0.01, respectively); fb was also higher in E in most moderate-to-maximal intensities. On the other hand, VT showed a different pattern in both groups at near-to maximal intensities, since no plateau was observed in P. The response of tI and tE was also different. Finally, VT/tI and tI/tTOT showed a similar response in both P and E. It was concluded that the breathing pattern of the two groups differed mainly in two aspects: in the professional cyclists, VE increased at any exercise intensity as a result of increases in both VT and fb, with no evidence of tachypnoeic shift, and tE was prolonged in this group at high exercise intensities. In contrast, neither the central drive nor the timing component of respiration seem to have been significantly altered by the training demands of professional cycling.
A Lucía; A Carvajal; F J Calderón; A Alfonso; J L Chicharro
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0301-5548     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Publication Date:  1999 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-20     Completed Date:  1999-07-20     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410266     Medline TA:  Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  512-21     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Departamento de Ciencias Morfológicas y Fisiología, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Bicycling / physiology*
Carbon Dioxide
Exercise / physiology*
Exercise Test
Partial Pressure
Physical Endurance / physiology
Pulmonary Ventilation / physiology
Tidal Volume / physiology
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

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