Document Detail

Breastfeeding and mucosal and cutaneous colonization by Staphylococcus aureus in atopic children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21738957     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Studies on the effects of breastfeeding on the development of Atopic Dermatitis (AD) have shown controversial results. The importance of this condition deserves further studies; in particular, it remains unclear whether colonization of atopic patients by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) through breastfeeding is relevant to the development of AD.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential relation between breastfeeding and colonization by S. aureus in atopic patients.
METHOD: Transversal study of atopic patients, aged from 4 to 24 months, both genders, receiving outpatient care and 72 mothers. Data on infant breastfeeding practices and on clinical-epidemiological profile were registered. Swabs of the infants' nares and skin (cubital fossa) and swabs of the mothers' nares were collected. For univariate analysis, X2 (chi-square) and Fischer Exact's test were used.
RESULTS: Among breastfed children, S. aureus was isolated from 8 (25.8%) infants' nares swabs and from 4 (12.9%) skin swabs. Among not breastfed children, S. aureus was isolated from 10 (20.8%) infants' nares swabs and from 11 (22.9%) skin swabs. Sixteen mothers (22.2%) had S. aureus isolated from their nares swabs. There was no significant association between breastfeeding and S. aureus colonization (child skin and/or nares). However, there was a degree of concordance for S. aureus carriage among mothers and infants. Among 72 pairs, 56 (77.8%) were concordant.
CONCLUSION: Breastfeeding was not associated with S. aureus muco-cutaneous colonization in atopic infants.
Raissa Massaia Londero Chemello; Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani; Renan Rangel Bonamigo; Vera Silveira Bauer; Maria Cristina P Cecconi; Gladys M Zubaran
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anais brasileiros de dermatologia     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1806-4841     ISO Abbreviation:  An Bras Dermatol     Publication Date:    2011 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-08     Completed Date:  2012-02-03     Revised Date:  2012-08-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0067662     Medline TA:  An Bras Dermatol     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng; por     Pagination:  435-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Sanitary Dermatology Outpatient Clinic of Porto Alegre (ADS - RS) and Central Laboratory of Public Health of Rio Grande do Sul (LACEN - RS) - Porto Alegre (RS), Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding / adverse effects*
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dermatitis, Atopic / microbiology*
Nose / microbiology
Skin / microbiology
Staphylococcal Skin Infections / diagnosis,  microbiology*
Staphylococcus aureus / isolation & purification*

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