Document Detail

Breastfeeding facilitates acceptance of a novel dietary flavour compound.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19962799     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Infants may learn to accept flavours via exposure to flavour in mother's milk. This study examines whether acceptance of a flavour compound develops over 10 exposures through mother's milk (part 1), and how such acceptance evolves after 10 exposures, on alternate days, to the same flavour in solid food (part 2). METHODS: Three groups of 5-8 month-old infants participated. Breast-fed infants were randomised into two groups: a non-exposed group (n=20) and a group exposed to caraway flavour (d-carvone) via mother's milk (n=20). Mothers in the second group consumed a caraway-flavoured food. The third group was composed of formula-fed infants whose mothers consumed the caraway-flavoured food (n=8). Infants' acceptance of caraway-flavour was tested after both exposure periods by evaluating, on separate days, intake parameters and mother's judgement of liking of plain and caraway-flavoured pur?es. RESULTS: Part 1 showed that exposed and non-exposed breast-fed infants had higher initial acceptance of the caraway-flavoured pur?e than formula-fed infants. Part 2 results showed no evolution in acceptance of caraway-flavoured pur?e among breast-fed infants. In contrast formula-fed infants' acceptance of caraway-flavoured pur?e increased, corresponding to flavour-specific acceptance learning. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that breastfeeding facilitates acceptance of novel flavours. This effect is not necessarily due to exposure to specific flavour compounds.
Helene Hausner; Sophie Nicklaus; Sylvie Issanchou; Christian M?lgaard; Per M?ller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-12-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1532-1983     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-15     Completed Date:  2010-05-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309603     Medline TA:  Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  141-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. All rights reserved.
Department of Food Science, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Breast Feeding*
Cross-Over Studies
Diet / methods*
Food Preferences / physiology*
Infant Behavior / physiology
Infant Food*
Milk, Human / chemistry*
Taste / physiology*

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