Document Detail

Breastfeeding duration related to practised contraception in the Netherlands.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18771482     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: The aim of this study was to gain insight into contraception practised and related to breastfeeding duration. METHODS: Mothers with infants up to 6 months received a questionnaire on infant feeding (breast or formula feeding) and contraception (hormonal or non-hormonal methods). Estimates of the time interval between resuming contraception and cessation of lactation was calculated by Chained Equations Multiple Imputation. RESULTS: Of all women (n = 2710), 30% choose condoms, 22% the combined oral contraceptive pill (OCP) and few other methods. Breastfeeding was started by 80%, and 18% continued up to 6 months. Of the breastfeeding mothers, 5% used hormonal contraception; 7% of women who used hormonal contraception practised breastfeeding. After adjustment for background variables, the use of OCP is strongly associated with formula feeding: after delivery to the third month postpartum, the crude OR being 17.5 (95% CI: 11.3-27.0), the adjusted OR 14.5 (9.3-22.5); between the third and sixth month postpartum, respectively, 13.1 (95% CI: 8.6-19.9) and 11.7 (7.6-17.9). Of all breastfeeding women, 20-27% resumed OCP at 25 weeks postpartum and 80% introduced formula feeding. The time lag between these events is 6 weeks. Hormonal contraception was resumed after formula introduction. CONCLUSION: Mothers avoid hormonal contraception during lactation; they change to formula feeding 6 weeks before they resume the OCP. To effectively promote longer duration of breastfeeding, the BFHI needs to address contraception as practised.
Jacobus P van Wouwe; Caren I Lanting; Paula van Dommelen; Pieter E Treffers; Stef van Buuren
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-09-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-17     Completed Date:  2009-04-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  86-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research TNO Quality of Life, Leiden, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding / statistics & numerical data*
Confidence Intervals
Contraception Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
Contraceptive Agents / administration & dosage*
Maternal Behavior*
Middle Aged
Netherlands / epidemiology
Odds Ratio
Time Factors
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptive Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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