Document Detail

Breastfeeding considerations of opioid dependent mothers and infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22739479     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
ABSTRACT: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has a long-standing recommendation against breastfeeding if the maternal methadone dose is above 20 mg/day. In 2001, the AAP lifted the dose restriction of maternal methadone allowing methadone-maintained mothers to breastfeed. The allowance of breastfeeding among mothers taking methadone has been met with opposition due to the uncertainty that exists related to methadone exposure of the suckling infant. Methadone-maintained mothers are at higher risk for abuse, concomitant psychiatric disorders, limited access to healthcare, and financial hardship. Breastfeeding rates among methadone-maintained women tend to be low compared to the national average. This manuscript will discuss the implications for healthcare practitioners caring for methadone-maintained mothers and infants and associated risks and benefits of breastfeeding. This population of mothers and infants stands to obtain particular benefits from the various well-known advantages of breastfeeding.
Tara C Hilton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  MCN. The American journal of maternal child nursing     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1539-0683     ISO Abbreviation:  MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605941     Medline TA:  MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  236-40     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Tara C. Hilton is a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner at the Newborn Follow-up Clinic, Ambulatory Care Network, NewYork Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia, New York, NY. She is also an Adjunct Professor of Pediatrics, Hunter-Bellevue School of Nursing, New York, NY. She can be reached via e-mail at
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