Document Detail


Breast-feeding among the urban poor in southern Brazil: reasons for termination in the first 6 months of life.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2743537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A study of breast-feeding practices over the first 6 months of life among a cohort of urban poor infants in southern Brazil indicated that the median duration of breast-feeding was 18 weeks, and at 6 months 41% of the infants were still being breast-fed. The duration of breast-feeding was significantly associated with the following: the infant's sex, mother's colour, type of first feed, timing of the first breast-feed, breast-feeding regimen and frequency of breast-feeding at 1 month, and the use of hormonal contraceptives by the mother. The following were significant risk factors for early termination of breast-feeding: the infant's sex, type of first feed, use of supplementary feeds, frequency of breast-feeding, feeding regimen, weight-for-age, and weight-for-age after controlling for birth weight. Dissatisfaction with their infant's growth rate was the most frequent reason given by mothers for supplementing the diets of infants who were exclusively breast-fed in the first 3 months of life. Also, the mothers' perception that their milk output was inadequate was the most frequent reason expressed for stopping breast-feeding in the first 4 months. The roles of health services and family support in providing favourable conditions for increasing the duration of breast-feeding in the study population are discussed, as well as the possibility of bias being introduced into studies of the relationship between infant feeding and growth by the effect of the infant's rate of growth on the mother's decision to continue breast-feeding.
A study of breastfeeding practices over the 1st 6 months of life among a cohort of urban poor infants in southern Brazil indicated that the median duration of breastfeeding was 18 weeks, and at 6 months, 41% of the infants were still being breastfed. The duration of breastfeeding was significantly associated with the following: infant's sex, mother's color, type of 1st feed, timing of the 1st breastfeed, breastfeeding regimen and frequency of breastfeeding at 1 month, and the use of hormonal contraceptives by the mother. The significant risk factors for early termination of breastfeeding were: infant's sex, type of 1st feed, use of supplementary feeds, frequency of breastfeeding, feeding regimen, weight-for-age, and weight-for age after controlling for birthweight. Dissatisfaction with infant growth rate was the most frequent reason given for mothers for supplementing the diets of those infants who were exclusively breastfed for the 1st 3 months of life. Also, them other's perception that their milk output was inadequate was the most frequent reason expressed for the cessation of breastfeeding in the 1st 4 months. The roles of health services and family support in providing favorable conditions for increasing the duration of breastfeeding in the study population are discussed, as well as the possibility of bias being introduced into studies of the relationship between infant feeding and growth by the effect of the infant's rate of growth on the mother;s decision to breastfeed. (author's)
Authors:
J C Martines; A Ashworth; B Kirkwood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0042-9686     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull. World Health Organ.     Publication Date:  1989  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-08-25     Completed Date:  1989-08-25     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507052     Medline TA:  Bull World Health Organ     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  151-61     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Brazil
Breast Feeding*
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Mothers / psychology*
Poverty Areas
Urban Population
Comments/Corrections

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