Document Detail

Breaking the rules: Do infants have a true understanding of false belief?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22429039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
It has been suggested that infants' performance on the false belief task can be explained by the use of behavioural rules. To test this hypothesis, 18-month-old infants were trained to learn the new rule that an object that disappeared in location A could be found in location B. Infants were then administered a false belief task based on the violation of expectation (VOE) paradigm, an intention understanding task, and a modified detour-reaching task. Results revealed that infants looked significantly longer at the display when the experimenter looked for the toy in the full box (box with the toy) compared to infants who observed the experimenter search in the empty box (box without the toy). Results also revealed significant correlations between infants' looking time at the display and their scores on the intention task and on the detour-reaching task. Taken together, these findings suggest that infants possess an implicit understanding of false belief. In addition, they challenge the view that success on the implicit false belief task does not require executive functioning abilities.
Jessica Yott; Diane Poulin-Dubois
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-09-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of developmental psychology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0261-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Dev Psychol     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8308022     Medline TA:  Br J Dev Psychol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  156-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The British Psychological Society.
Concordia University, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
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