Document Detail

Breakfast food patterns among urban and rural Croatian schoolchildren.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12803279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to report breakfast food patterns among the rural and urban Croatian schoolchildren in the post-war socioeconomic changes. A quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire was used. Subjects were 7-18 year old schoolchildren (815 from urban and 375 from rural areas). The average energy intake was 27.5 and 23.0% of the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) in the urban and rural area respectively. Urban subjects tend to choose healthier options when older, while the rural subjects displayed the opposite (significantly correlated age with energy intake (% RDA) and dietary fibre intake (% of 'age + 5' rule). The same applied to age versus iron intake (urban positive, rural negative correlation). Breakfasts providing 20-30% RDA for energy and more than 300 mg of calcium were consumed by 20.7 and 32.4% of the urban and rural subjects respectively. Cereal products and milk and dairy products were the major breakfast constituents everywhere. Meat and its products, and eggs seem to be uncommon breakfast foods. The urban subjects had a more adequate energy intake at breakfast, but better food choices were observed among rural subjects.
Irena Colic Baric; Zvonimir Satalic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrition and health     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0260-1060     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Health     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-13     Completed Date:  2003-09-29     Revised Date:  2012-02-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306569     Medline TA:  Nutr Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  29-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
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MeSH Terms
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Croatia / epidemiology
Food Habits*
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Requirements
Rural Health
Urban Health

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