Document Detail


Breakfast and the diets of Australian adults: an analysis of data from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16019316     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to describe the nutrients provided to Australian adults by the breakfast meal and to compare the food and nutrient intakes and health of regular breakfast eaters and breakfast skippers. The Australian Bureau of Statistics was commissioned to undertake additional analysis of data collected in the 1995 Australian National Nutrition Survey (NNS). The survey included 24-h recalls, physical measurements and a food habits questionnaire collected during the period February 1995-March 1996, with a nationally representative sample of 10,851 Australians aged 19 years and older. The median nutrient intakes at breakfast and the proportion of the daily total contributed by breakfast were calculated. Differences between regular breakfast eaters and breakfast skippers in terms of nutrient intake, body mass index and health status were compared using Student t-tests. The findings show the typical Australian breakfast was low in fat, high in carbohydrate and a good source of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, calcium and magnesium. In the NNS regular breakfast eaters had more adequate diets overall, particularly those aged 65+ years. People who did not eat breakfast cereal were much more likely to have inadequate nutrient intakes, especially of thiamin, riboflavin, calcium, magnesium and iron. Regular breakfast eaters were more likely to rate their health as excellent or good than those who skip breakfast, but there was no difference between the fat intake or the body mass index of regular breakfast eaters compared with breakfast skippers. Regular breakfast consumption is associated with better diets for adults overall.
Authors:
Peter Williams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food sciences and nutrition     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0963-7486     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-07-15     Completed Date:  2005-09-08     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432922     Medline TA:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  65-79     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biomedical Science, University of Wollongong, Australia. peter_williams@uow.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Australia
Body Mass Index
Diet / statistics & numerical data
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Female
Food Habits*
Health Status
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Minerals / administration & dosage
Nutrition Surveys
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Vitamins / administration & dosage
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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