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Brain computed tomography perfusion may help to detect hemodynamic reconstitution and predict intracerebral hemorrhage after carotid stenting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22841286     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to examine whether brain computed tomography (CT) perfusion can help to detect the reconstitution of cerebral hemodynamics and predict intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) after carotid stenting. METHODS: From September 2002 to October 2009, data of 114 patients with carotid intervention were prospectively collected, and we retrospectively identified a total of 108 consecutive patients with unilateral carotid stenting. Brain CT perfusion was studied at three time points: 1 week before, and 1 week and 6 months after stenting. Cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow, and time to peak (TTP) of brain CT perfusion were examined at cortical and subcortical areas of middle cerebral artery (MCA) and posterior cerebral artery territory. The CBV, cerebral blood flow, and TTP ratios of stenting side/nonstenting side were used for comparison. The flow direction of ophthalmic artery was detected by sonography, and the presence of anterior communicating artery was examined on prestenting cerebral angiogram. RESULTS: After carotid stenting, CBV and TTP ratios improved significantly in both MCA cortical and subcortical areas in patients with unilateral carotid stenosis (P < .01) but not in patients with bilateral carotid stenosis. Patients with reversed ophthalmic flow had better improvement of TTP in both MCA and posterior cerebral artery territories (P < .05) than patients with forward flow. However, no significant difference was found between patients with and patients without anterior communicating artery collateral (P > .05). The prestenting TTP ratio in MCA subcortical area was significantly higher in patients with poststenting ICH than patients without ICH (P = .0191). CONCLUSIONS: Cerebral hemodynamics can be reconstituted within a few days after carotid revascularization, especially in patients with reversed ophthalmic flow. Prolonged TTP in prestenting MCA subcortical area may suggest a high risk of poststenting ICH.
Shy-Chyi Chin; Chien-Hung Chang; Ting-Yu Chang; Ko-Lun Huang; Tai-Cheng Wu; Jr-Rung Lin; Yeu-Jhy Chang; Tsong-Hai Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular surgery : official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6809     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407742     Medline TA:  J Vasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Medical Imaging and Intervention, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
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