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Brain abscess associated with Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: case report and review of literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21539594     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Rahamat-Langendoen JC, van Vonderen MGA, Engström LJ, Manson WL, van Winkelhoff AJ, Mooi-Kokenberg EANM. Brain abscess associated with Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: case report and review of literature. J Clin Periodontol 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2011.01737.x. ABSTRACT: Introduction: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans is considered a major pathogen in localized and generalized aggressive periodontitis. A. actinomycetemcomitans has been found in various extra oral infections and most frequently in endocarditis. We report a patient with multiple brain abscesses due to infection with A. actinomycetemcomitans and review the English language literature related to this subject. Case report: A 42-year-old patient with no underlying medical conditions presented with multiple brain lesions initially thought to be metastatic lesions of a tumour of unknown origin. Findings during drainage and subsequent histopathological conclusions made infection more likely. Culture of drained material remained negative; however, 16S rDNA polymerase chain reaction and sequence analysis on direct material revealed A. actinomycetemcomitans as the causative agent of the infection. The most likely source of infection was the poor dentition of the patient. After repeated drainage of the lesions and antibiotic treatment the patient gradually improved, although cognitive impairment remained. Conclusions: Our report illustrates that a poor dental condition, notably destructive periodontal disease, can be a risk for life-threatening extra oral disease, and thus contributes to the total inflammatory burden of the body.
Authors:
Janette C Rahamat-Langendoen; Marit G A van Vonderen; Lex J Engström; Willem L Manson; Arie Jan van Winkelhoff; Esther A N M Mooi-Kokenberg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical periodontology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-051X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425123     Medline TA:  J Clin Periodontol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Department of Microbiology, Izore Centre for Infectious Diseases Friesland, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen University, Groningen, The Netherlands Department of Internal Medicine, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands Department of Neurology, Medical Centre Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands Centre for Dentistry and Oral Hygiene, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen University, Groningen, The Netherlands.
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