Document Detail


Brain volume findings in 6-month-old infants at high familial risk for autism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22684595     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with autism as young as 2 years have been observed to have larger brains than healthy comparison subjects. Studies using head circumference suggest that brain enlargement is a postnatal event that occurs around the latter part of the first year. To the authors' knowledge, no previous brain imaging studies have systematically examined the period prior to age 2. In this study they used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to measure brain volume in 6-month-olds at high familial risk for autism.
METHOD: The Infant Brain Imaging Study (IBIS) is a longitudinal imaging study of infants at high risk for autism. This cross-sectional analysis compared brain volumes at 6 months of age in high-risk infants (N=98) and infants without family members with autism (N=36). MRI scans were also examined for radiologic abnormalities
RESULTS: No group differences were observed for intracranial, cerebrum, cerebellum, or lateral ventricle volume or for head circumference.
CONCLUSIONS: The authors did not observe significant group differences for head circumference, brain volume, or abnormalities in radiologic findings from a group of 6-month-old infants at high risk for autism. The authors are unable to conclude that these abnormalities are not present in infants who later go on to receive a diagnosis of autism; rather, abnormalities were not detected in a large group at high familial risk. Future longitudinal studies of the IBIS study group will examine whether brain volume differs in infants who go on to develop autism.
Authors:
Heather Cody Hazlett; Hongbin Gu; Robert C McKinstry; Dennis W W Shaw; Kelly N Botteron; Stephen R Dager; Martin Styner; Clement Vachet; Guido Gerig; Sarah J Paterson; Robert T Schultz; Annette M Estes; Alan C Evans; Joseph Piven;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of psychiatry     Volume:  169     ISSN:  1535-7228     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-11     Completed Date:  2012-08-16     Revised Date:  2013-08-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370512     Medline TA:  Am J Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  601-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Carolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities and the Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA. hcody@med.unc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Autistic Disorder / pathology*
Brain / growth & development,  pathology*
Case-Control Studies
Cerebellum / pathology
Cerebral Ventricles / pathology
Cerebrum / pathology
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Head / pathology
Humans
Infant
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Neuroimaging
Organ Size
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD-055741/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD055741/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; U54 EB-005149/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS; U54 EB005149/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS
Investigator
Investigator/Affiliation:
J Piven / ; H C Hazlett / ; C Chappell / ; S R Dager / ; A M Estes / ; D Shaw / ; K N Botteron / ; R C McKinstry / ; J Constantino / ; J Pruett / ; R T Schultz / ; S J Paterson / ; L Zwaigenbaum / ; A C Evans / ; D L Collins / ; G B Pike / ; V Fonov / ; P Kostopoulos / ; S Das / ; G Gerig / ; M Styner / ; H Gu / ; P Sullivan / ; F Wright /
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Am J Psychiatry. 2012 Jun;169(6):551-3   [PMID:  22684588 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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