Document Detail

Brain Volume and Diffusion Markers as Predictors of Disability and Short-Term Disease Evolution in Multiple Sclerosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22383242     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:MRI markers of neuroaxonal damage in MS have emerged as critical long-term predictors of MS-related disability. Here we investigated the potential of whole-brain diffusivity and brain volume for the prediction of cross-sectional disability and short- to medium-term clinical evolution.MATERIALS AND METHODS:In this multimodal prospective longitudinal MRI study of 54 patients with MS (87% under immunomodulatory therapy, baseline and follow-up at a median of 12 months), ADC histogram analysis, WM lesion load, BPF, whole-brain atrophy rate, MSFC score, and EDSS score were obtained. A total of 44 patients with no relapse at both time points were included.RESULTS:At both time points, ADC histogram analysis provided robust predictors of the MSFC scores (maximal R(2) = 0.576, P < .001), incorporated cognition and fine-motor skill subscores, and EDSS scores. Significant changes beyond physiologic age-related changes at follow-up were noted for ADC histogram markers and BPF. Stronger diffusivity alterations and brain volume at baseline predicted MSFC decline, as demonstrated by multiple linear regression analysis (mean ADC, R(2) = 0.203; P = .003) and lower baseline BPF in patients with declined compared with stable MSFC scores (P = .001). Results were independent of intercurrent relapses.CONCLUSIONS:Diffusion histogram analysis provided stable surrogates of disability in MS and proved sensitive for monitoring disease progression during a median of 12 months. Advanced neuroaxonal pathology at baseline was indicative of an increased risk for sustained progression during a median of 12 months, independent of intercurrent relapses.
P G Sämann; M Knop; E Golgor; S Messler; M Czisch; F Weber
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Neuroimaging Research Group and Inflammatory Disorders of the Central Nervous System Research Group, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany; and Department of Statistics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany. Dr Golgor is currently affiliated with the Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technical University Dresden, Dresden, Germany. Dr Messler is currently affiliated with INC Research GmbH, Munich, Germany.
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