Document Detail


Brain Penetration Assessment in vivo: a Reliable and Simple Method in Anesthetized Rats at Steady State.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24880048     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: For CNS drugs, brain disposition is of critical importance during drug discovery. In-vitro methods are used early followed by more predictive in-vivo methods later on in the drug discovery process. Current in-vivo methods are costly, have long turnover times or don't measure brain disposition at steady state.
NEW METHOD: A new method to evaluate drug brain disposition in-vivo was developed in anaesthetized rats. Seven reference compounds were administered as an initial IV bolus (loading dose) followed by IV infusion for 4.5hours in order to obtain a steady state plasma concentration before brain sampling. The loading dose was estimated from a preliminary single dose IV pharmacokinetic study and was found to successfully bring plasma concentrations to steady state for compounds exhibiting either mono- or bi-compartmental pharmacokinetics.
RESULTS: Using this method, a steady state lasting at least 2h was obtained, thus making the in-vivo method robust with respect to differences in the pharmacokinetics and/or blood-to-brain equilibration rate of the compounds tested. The method produced highly reproducible results, with substantial advantages in terms of cost, turnaround time and animal welfare.
COMPARISON WITH EXISTING METHODS: The results agreed with those reported in other, more elaborate preclinical models and in humans, enabling brain disposition to be assessed in a simple, efficient and robust in-vivo model for new chemical entities.
CONCLUSIONS: Introducing the presented method in drug discovery allows brain disposition to be assessed earlier in the drug discovery pipeline and thus facilitate the selection of potent and penetrant CNS drugs.
Authors:
A Andersen Claus; Perfetti Paolo; Nibbio Martina; Bellini Marta; Angelini Roberto; Fornasier Massenzio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuroscience methods     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-678X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosci. Methods     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905558     Medline TA:  J Neurosci Methods     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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