Document Detail

Bovine internal mammary artery as a conduit for coronary revascularization: long-term results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8417657     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Graft patency after coronary artery bypass grafting depends largely on the choice of conduit. Because an increasing number of patients have insufficient or poor-quality autologous material, there is a need for a suitable synthetic graft that is readily available and easy to handle and that has good long-term patency. Early results suggest that the bovine internal mammary artery graft may meet these criteria. We have used a total of 26 such grafts in 18 patients. Postoperative angiography has been performed in 19 grafts in 14 patients, 3 to 23 months after operation; of these grafts, 3 are currently patent (15.8%, compared with 85.7% and 75.0% patency for native internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafts in the same patients). We report the results of clotting studies and an analysis of lipid status. These patients do not, however, appear to represent any atypical group, either in terms of coagulopathy, native coronary artery size, or the type of vessel disease. Nevertheless, our poor results contrast markedly with the early enthusiasm reported from other centers.
I M Mitchell; A R Essop; P J Scott; P G Martin; N K Gupta; N R Saunders; R U Nair; G J Williams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  1993 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-01-26     Completed Date:  1993-01-26     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  120-2     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Departments of Cardiac Surgery and Cardiology, Killingbeck Hospital, Leeds, England.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Vessel Prosthesis*
Coronary Angiography*
Coronary Artery Bypass / methods*
Coronary Disease / radiography,  surgery*
Graft Occlusion, Vascular / radiography
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / radiography,  surgery*
Postoperative Complications / radiography,  surgery*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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