Document Detail

Botulism outbreak associated with poultry litter consumption in three Brazilian cattle herds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9080634     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
One hundred fifty-five of 201 cattle from 3 different farms showed clinical signs and died of botulism after eating the same batch of poultry litter contaminated with poultry and rodent carcasses. The cattle had access to poultry litter for only 1 d; afterwards it was removed from the diet. Death occurred over a period of 17 d after the poultry litter intake. The peak mortality was on day 4; 20 animals died within 10 d of the ingestion. The greater the intake of poultry litter, the higher the cattle mortality. Three steers which died on the first day had peracute effects while the remaining cattle showed classical signs. Twenty-five of the 46 surviving cattle had mild clinical signs, but recovered in a few days. Type C Clostridium botulinum toxin was found in extracts of the poultry litter, carcasses and cattle intestinal contents. Nutrient composition of the poultry litter was normal but pH was lower (6.9) than usual (7.5 to 9.3).
E L Ortolani; L A Brito; C S Mori; U Schalch; J Pacheco; L Baldacci
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary and human toxicology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0145-6296     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet Hum Toxicol     Publication Date:  1997 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-06-03     Completed Date:  1997-06-03     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7704194     Medline TA:  Vet Hum Toxicol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  89-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed / adverse effects*,  standards
Botulinum Toxins / adverse effects,  analysis,  metabolism
Botulism / epidemiology,  etiology,  veterinary*
Brazil / epidemiology
Cattle Diseases / epidemiology*,  etiology,  prevention & control
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
Food Contamination*
Intestinal Mucosa / drug effects,  pathology
Vaccination / veterinary
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Botulinum Toxins; 0/Toxoids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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