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Both macrophages and hypoxia play critical role in regulating invasion of gastric cancer in vitro.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23193956     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background. As previously demonstrated, tumor associated macrophages (TAMs) infiltration is associated with some cancers invasion and metastasis. However, the role of TAMs in the gastric cancer remains unclear. Methods Three- dimensional dynamic migration imaging system and real time RT-PCR were used to quantitatively investigate the effect of macrophages on the cancer cell mobility and gene expression related to cancer invasion and metastasis, including ADAM8, ADAM9, MMP9, TIMP3, VEGF-A and IL8 genes, in AGS, HGC-27, Hs-746T and NCI-N87 gastric cancer cell lines under normal or hypoxic conditions. Results. Under normal conditions, the cancer cell invasion rate was increased significantly and all six gene expressions were upregulated in all four cancer cell lines by macrophages. Under hypoxia the changes in the cancer cell invasion rate induced by macrophages was negatively correlated to the TIMP3 expression. In non- metastatic cell line AGS, the increase in migration rate induced by macrophages was further elevated under hypoxia with increased ADAM8 and ADAM9 expression and decreased MMP9 and TIMP3 expressions. Under hypoxia, the induction by macrophages for IL-8 expression was increased significantly in distant metastatic cell lines NCI-N87 and HS-746T, VEGF-A was increased in HGC-27 cell line. Conclusions. Both macrophages and hypoxia play an indispensable role in regulating the invasion of gastric cancer cells in vitro; ADAMs, MMP9 and TIMP3 might be involved in TAM induced invasive power of gastric cancer cells.
Authors:
Zhanlong Shen; Tuuli Kauttu; Hanna Seppänen; Sanna Vainionpää; Yingjiang Ye; Shan Wang; Harri Mustonen; Pauli Puolakkainen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-226X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Oncol     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709065     Medline TA:  Acta Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital , Beijing , PR China.
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