Document Detail


Boosting exercise beliefs and motivation through a psychological intervention designed for poststroke populations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22082698     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: The effect of patient education on reducing stroke has had mixed effects, raising questions about how to achieve optimal benefit. Because past evaluations have typically lacked an appropriate theoretical base, the design of past research may have missed important effects. Method: This study used a social cognitive framework to identify variables that might change in response to education. A mixed design was used to evaluate 2 approaches to an intervention, both of which included education. Twenty-six seniors completed a measure of stroke knowledge and beliefs twice: before and after an intervention that was either "standard" (educational brochure plus activities that were not about stroke) or "enhanced" (educational brochure plus activities designed to enhance beliefs about stroke). Outcome measures were health beliefs, intention to exercise to reduce stroke, and stroke knowledge. Results: Selected beliefs changed significantly over time but not differentially across conditions. Beliefs that changed were (1) perceived susceptibility to stroke, and (2) perceived benefit of exercise to reduce risk. Benefit beliefs, in particular, were strongly and positively associated with intention to exercise. Conclusion: Findings suggest that basic approaches to patient education may influence health beliefs. More effective stroke prevention programs may result from continued consideration of the role of health beliefs in such programs.
Authors:
Laura Gill; Karen A Sullivan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Topics in stroke rehabilitation     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1074-9357     ISO Abbreviation:  Top Stroke Rehabil     Publication Date:    2011 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9439750     Medline TA:  Top Stroke Rehabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  470-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Clinical Neuropsychology Research Group, School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia.
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