Document Detail

Bone-to-implant contact after maxillary sinus floor augmentation with Bio-Oss and autogenous bone in different ratios in mini pigs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22530746     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to test the hypotheses: (i) no differences in bone-to-implant contact formation, and (ii) no differences between the use of autogenous mandibular or iliac bone grafts, when autogenous bone, Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone, or Bio-Oss is used as graft for the maxillary sinus floor augmentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bilateral sinus floor augmentation was performed in 40 mini pigs with: (A) 100% autogenous bone, (B) 75% autogenous bone and 25% Bio-Oss, (C) 50% autogenous bone and 50% Bio-Oss, (D) 25% autogenous bone and 75% Bio-Oss, or (E) 100% Bio-Oss. Autogenous bone was harvested from the iliac crest or the mandible and the graft composition was selected at random and placed concomitant with the implant placement. The animals were euthanized 12 weeks after surgery. Bone-to-implant contact was estimated by stereological methods and summarized as median percentage with 95% confidence interval (CI). Bone-to-implant contact formation was evaluated by fluorochrome labelling and assessed by median odds ratios (OR) with 95% (CI). RESULTS: Median bone-to-implant contact was: (A) 42.9% (95% CI: 32.1-54.5%), (B) 37.8% (95% CI: 27.1-49.9%), (C) 43.9% (95% CI: 32.6-55.9%), (D) 30.2% (95% CI: 21.6-40.3%), and (E) 13.9% (95% CI: 11.4-16.9%). Bone-to-implant contact was significantly higher for A, B, C, D as compared to E (P < 0.0001). Bone-to-implant contact was not significantly influenced by the ratio of Bio-Oss and autogenous bone (P = 0.19) or the origin of the autogenous bone (P = 0.72). Fluorochrome labelling revealed extensive variation in bone-to-implant contact formation over time. The labelling at weeks 2-3 was significantly increased with A compared to E (OR = 8.1 CI: 5.0-13.1, P < 0.0001), whereas E showed a significantly increased labelling at weeks 8-9 compared to A (OR = 0.5 CI: 0.3-0.7, P = 0.0028). CONCLUSIONS: The hypothesis of no differences in bone-to-implant contact between the various treatment modalities was rejected since the bone-to-implant contact was significantly increased with autogenous bone or Bio-Oss mixed with autogenous bone as compared to Bio-Oss. Early bone-to-implant contact formation was more advanced with autogenous bone. No differences between the use of mandibular or iliac bone grafts were observed since the bone-to-implant contact was not significantly influenced by the origin of the bone graft.
Thomas Jensen; Søren Schou; Hans Jørgen G Gundersen; Julie Lyng Forman; Hendrik Terheyden; Palle Holmstrup
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical oral implants research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-0501     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105713     Medline TA:  Clin Oral Implants Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Aalborg Hospital, Aarhus University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.
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