Document Detail

Bone size and bone mass in 10-year-old Danish children: effect of current diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11256893     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Lifestyle factors, such as diet, are believed to be involved in modifying bone health, although the results remain controversial, particularly in children and adolescents. The objective of the study was to identify associations between dietary factors and whole body bone measurements in 10-year-old children. The study was a cross-sectional analysis of a random sample of 105 healthy Danish children, aged 10 years (9.97+/-0.09). Whole body bone mineral content (BMC) and bone area (BA) were determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The influence of diet (7 day food records) on BMC and BA were examined in bi- and multivariate analyses. The mean intakes of calcium, protein, phosphorus and sodium were 1226 mg, 78 g, 1523 mg and 3.3 g, respectively. In bivariate analyses, BMC and BA were strongly positively correlated with height (p<0.001) and weight (p<0.001), and with intakes of energy (p<0.005) and several nutrients. BMC was adjusted for size by including BA, height and weight in the multiple linear regression, and BA was adjusted for size by including height and weight in the multiple linear regression. In multivariate analyses, size-adjusted BMC was positively associated with calcium intake (p=0.02). Size-adjusted BA was positively associated with dietary protein (p=0.003), and negatively associated with intakes of sodium (p = 0.048) and phosphorus (p=0.01). In conclusion, calcium intake was positively associated with bone mineralization. There was a positive association between protein and BA, while for phosphorus and sodium the association was negative.
C Hoppe; C Mølgaard; K F Michaelsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA     Volume:  11     ISSN:  0937-941X     ISO Abbreviation:  Osteoporos Int     Publication Date:  2000  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-20     Completed Date:  2001-03-29     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100105     Medline TA:  Osteoporos Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1024-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Research Department of Human Nutrition and Centre for Advanced Food Studies, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Frederiksberg, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Body Height / physiology
Body Weight / physiology
Bone Density / physiology*
Bone Development / physiology
Bone and Bones / anatomy & histology*
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Energy Intake
Phosphorus / administration & dosage
Sodium, Dietary / administration & dosage
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Sodium, Dietary; 7723-14-0/Phosphorus

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