Document Detail


Bone repair by cell-seeded 3D-bioplotted composite scaffolds made of collagen treated tricalciumphosphate or tricalciumphosphate-chitosan-collagen hydrogel or PLGA in ovine critical-sized calvarial defects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20225216     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of this study was to investigate the osteogenic effect of three different cell-seeded 3D-bioplotted scaffolds in a ovine calvarial critical-size defect model. The choice of scaffold-materials was based on their applicability for 3D-bioplotting and respective possibility to produce tailor-made scaffolds for the use in cranio-facial surgery for the replacement of complex shaped boneparts. Scaffold raw-materials are known to be osteoinductive when being cell-seeded [poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)] or having components with osteoinductive properties as tricalciumphosphate (TCP) or collagen (Col) or chitosan. The scaffold-materials PLGA, TCP/Col, and HYDR (TCP/Col/chitosan) were cell-seeded with osteoblast-like cells whether gained from bone (OLB) or from periost (OLP). In a prospective and randomized design nine sheep underwent osteotomy to create four critical-sized calvarial defects. Three animals each were assigned to the HYDR-, the TCP/Col-, or the PLGA-group. In each animal, one defect was treated with a cell-free, an OLB- or OLP-seeded group-specific scaffold, respectively. The fourth defect remained untreated as control (UD). Fourteen weeks later, animals were euthanized for histo-morphometrical analysis of the defect healing. OLB- and OLP-seeded HYDR and OLB-seeded TCP/Col scaffolds significantly increased the amount of newly formed bone (NFB) at the defect bottom and OLP-seeded HYDR also within the scaffold area, whereas PLGA-scaffolds showed lower rates. The relative density of NFB was markedly higher in the HYDR/OLB group compared to the corresponding PLGA group. TCP/Col had good stiffness to prepare complex structures by bioplotting but HYDR and PLGA were very soft. HYDR showed appropriate biodegradation, TCP/Col and PLGA seemed to be nearly undegraded after 14 weeks. 3D-bioplotted, cell-seeded HYDR and TCP/Col scaffolds increased the amount of NFB within ovine critical-size calvarial defects, but stiffness, respectively, biodegradation of materials is not appropriate for the application in cranio-facial surgery and have to be improved further by modifications of the manufacturing process or their material composition.
Authors:
Kathrin Haberstroh; Kathrin Ritter; Jens Kuschnierz; Kai-Hendrik Bormann; Christian Kaps; Carlos Carvalho; Rolf Mülhaupt; Michael Sittinger; Nils-Claudius Gellrich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials     Volume:  93     ISSN:  1552-4981     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biomed. Mater. Res. Part B Appl. Biomater.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-08     Completed Date:  2010-05-20     Revised Date:  2010-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101234238     Medline TA:  J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  520-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Rheumatology, Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Charité-University Medical Center Berlin, Berlin, Germany. j_k.haberstroh@t-online.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Absorbable Implants*
Animals
Bone Regeneration*
Calcium Phosphates*
Chitosan*
Collagen*
Disease Models, Animal
Female
Glycolates*
Hydrogels*
Sheep
Skull / injuries*,  pathology
Time Factors
Tissue Scaffolds*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Phosphates; 0/Glycolates; 0/Hydrogels; 0/polylactic acid-polyglycolic acid copolymer; 7758-87-4/tricalcium phosphate; 9007-34-5/Collagen; 9012-76-4/Chitosan

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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