Document Detail

Bone marrow leishmaniasis: a review of situation in Thailand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22014727     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Leishmaniasis is an important tropical vector-borne disease. This infection can be seen in tropical area and it is considered to be one of the most important vector-borne infections at present. The general situation of the leishmaniasis in Thailand is hereby reviewed. Although Thailand is a tropical country, the leishmaniasis is not endemic but sporadic. The imported cases are documented in some literatures. The serious form of leishmaniasis, the visceral leishmaniasis is also detectable in Thailand. Also, the author performed an in depth literature review of the reports of bone marrow leishmaniasis, a specific kind of visceral leishmaniasis, in Thailand in order to summarize the characteristics of this infection among Thai patients. According to this review, there have been at least 5 reports in the literature of 6 cases of bone marrow leishmaniasis in the Thai population, of which no case was lethal. Concerning the clinical manifestations, all except had prolonged fever with unknown origin. From physical examination, all had hepatosplenomegaly. The striking findings were active hemophagocytosis with increased proliferation of lymphoidplasma cell line in the bone marrow and amastigotes of Leishmania donovani was demonstrated. Considering the treatment, pantavalent antimony compound was used and the excellent improvement and complete recovery. Finally, the author also discussed on the importance of leishmaniasis in Thailand relating to the present globalization and good traveling system.
Viroj Wiwanitkit
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1995-7645     ISO Abbreviation:  Asian Pac J Trop Med     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101533720     Medline TA:  Asian Pac J Trop Med     Country:  Singapore    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  757-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Hainan Medical College. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok-10330, Thailand.
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