Document Detail


Boll injury and yield losses in cotton associated with brown stink bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) during flowering.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15666747     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Brown stink bug, Euschistus servus (Say), was infested on cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., plants during reproductive stages to determine the effects on boll injury and seedcotton yield. During each week in 2002 and 2003, significantly more bolls with > or = 1 injured locule, bolls with > or = 2 injured locules, and bolls with discolored lint were recorded on stink bug-infested plants compared with that on noninfested plants. Significantly fewer bolls displayed external injury on the boll exocarp compared with bolls with only internal locule injury. Boll injury was significantly underestimated by the presence of external symptomology. The boll population increased 6.6- and 5.1-fold from weeks 1-5 in 2002 and 2003, respectively. There was a corresponding 6.2- and 4.6-fold increase in 2002 and 2003, respectively, for total bolls injured from weeks 1-5. Percentage of boll injury ranged from 10.7 (week 4) to 27.4 (week 2) in 2002 and from 9.2 (week 3) to 16.0 (week 2) in 2003. Percentage of injury was greatest during weeks 1 and 2 in both years and also in week 5 in 2002. Brown stink bug significantly reduced seedcotton yield of bolls present on cotton plants during weeks 1, 2, and 5 in 2002 and in weeks 4 and 5 in 2003. However, total seedcotton yield, as a function of bolls exposed to brown stink bug and subsequent bolls produced on plant in the absence of stink bugs, was not significantly different for plots infested during weeks 1-4 in 2002 and weeks 1-3 in 2003. Flowering period and boll population influence the severity of stink bug injury on seedcotton yield. Infestation timing and number of bolls should be considered, in addition to insect densities, when initiating treatments against brown stink bug.
Authors:
M M Willrich; B R Leonard; R H Gable; L R Lamotte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of economic entomology     Volume:  97     ISSN:  0022-0493     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Econ. Entomol.     Publication Date:  2004 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-25     Completed Date:  2005-02-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985127R     Medline TA:  J Econ Entomol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1928-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, LSU AgCenter, 402 Life Sciences Bldg., Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Flowers / growth & development*
Gossypium / growth & development*
Heteroptera*
Insect Control
Plant Diseases*
Seeds
Time Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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