Document Detail

Body size, body proportions, and encephalization in a Middle Pleistocene archaic human from northern China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16505378     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The unusual discovery of associated cranial and postcranial elements from a single Middle Pleistocene fossil human allows us to calculate body proportions and relative cranial capacity (encephalization quotient) for that individual rather than rely on estimates based on sample means from unassociated specimens. The individual analyzed here (Jinniushan) from northeastern China at 260,000 years ago is the largest female specimen yet known in the human fossil record and has body proportions (body height relative to body breadth and relative limb length) typical of cold-adapted populations elsewhere in the world. Her encephalization quotient of 4.15 is similar to estimates for late Middle Pleistocene humans that are based on mean body size and mean brain size from unassociated specimens.
Karen R Rosenberg; Lü Zuné; Christopher B Ruff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-02-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0027-8424     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  2006 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-15     Completed Date:  2006-04-17     Revised Date:  2013-06-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3552-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anthropology, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Size
Brain / anatomy & histology
Cold Climate
Hominidae / anatomy & histology*
Skull / anatomy & histology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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