Document Detail


Body mass index and alcohol consumption: family history of alcoholism as a moderator.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19586138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Recent research suggests that excess food consumption may be conceptualized as an addictive behavior. Much of the evidence comes from neurobiological similarities between drug and food consumption. In addition, an inverse relation between alcohol consumption and body mass index (BMI) has been observed. Previous research has hypothesized that this inverse relation is attributable to competition between food and alcohol for similar neurotransmitter receptors. The current study explored this neurobiological hypothesis further by examining the influence of an indicator of biological risk associated with alcohol problems (family history of alcoholism) on the relationship between alcohol and food intake. Data from 37,259 participants in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were included in the study. BMI, family history of alcoholism, gender, and race/ethnicity were assessed as predictors of typical drinking frequency and estimated blood alcohol concentration (BAC). An inverse relationship between alcohol consumption and BMI was demonstrated. An attenuation of family history effects on drinking behavior was evident for obese compared to nonobese participants. The results suggest a neurobiological link between alcohol use and food consumption, consistent with theories characterizing excess food consumption as an addictive behavior.
Authors:
Ashley N Gearhardt; William R Corbin
Related Documents :
9972188 - Water: an essential but overlooked nutrient.
16341178 - Content analysis of children's television advertising in relation to dental health.
18403108 - Viscosity of high-alcohol content fuel blends with water: subsurface contaminant transp...
8241918 - Alcohol and suicide in denmark 1911-24--experiences from a 'natural experiment'.
12832098 - Behavioural analysis of melanin-concentrating hormone in rats: evidence for orexigenic ...
24594158 - Assessment of (210)po in italian diet.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0893-164X     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2009 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-09     Completed Date:  2009-09-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802734     Medline TA:  Psychol Addict Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  216-25     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8205, USA. Ashley.gearhardt@yale.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*,  psychology
Alcoholism*
Behavior, Addictive / epidemiology*,  psychology
Body Mass Index*
Comorbidity
Family*
Family Health
Female
Humans
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity / epidemiology*,  psychology
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Interpersonal problems and negative mood as predictors of within-day time to drinking.
Next Document:  Coping-anxiety and coping-depression motives predict different daily mood-drinking relationships.