Document Detail

Body image and weight preoccupation: a comparison between exercising and non-exercising women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2241138     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Relationships were examined among certain personality characteristics and variables which assess weight, diet, and appearance concerns for two groups of women--those who were avid exercisers (n = 86) and those who exercised only occasionally or not at all (n = 72). Multiple regression analyses indicated that emotional reactivity (measured by the N scale of the Eysenck Personality Inventory) was strongly related to weight preoccupation (measured by three subscales of the Eating Disorder Inventory) in both groups. Body Mass Index (BMI), but not a measure of subjective body shape, also predicted weight preoccupation for the non-exercisers while the opposite relationship was found for exercisers. In this group, subjective body shape and not BMI influenced weight preoccupation. It was also found that greater body dissatisfaction was related to poorer emotional well-being in the exercise group, and these women reported, to a significantly greater degree than non-exercisers, that their physical appearance was important to their self-esteem. It is possible that an excessive preoccupation with diet and body shape leads some women to take up a vigorous exercise program. However, the absence of differences in weight preoccupation between the groups argues against this. A possibility that has seldom been considered in the literature is that dedication to regular exercise fosters a heightened degree of body narcissism and a distorted impression of one's body size. A focus of attention in an exercise program on the relationship between body size and maximal performance may, in susceptible individuals, increase the likelihood of developing an obsessive attitude toward weight control.
C Davis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Appetite     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0195-6663     ISO Abbreviation:  Appetite     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-12-07     Completed Date:  1990-12-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006808     Medline TA:  Appetite     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
York University, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Body Image*
Body Weight / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Obesity / physiopathology*,  psychology
Weight Loss / physiology*
Erratum In:
Appetite 1991 Feb;16(1):84

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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