Document Detail


Body image, acculturation, and substance abuse among boys and girls in the Southwest.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16320438     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study explored body image as measured by perceptions of weight and appearance and its impact on adolescent drug use among predominately Mexican American middle school students in the southwest. Outcomes analyzed included lifetime and recent alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use and antidrug norms. Disliking one's looks was more of a risk factor for boys, whereas negative weight perceptions were more of a risk factor for girls. Relative to more acculturated (English-dominant) Latinos (N=903), non-Latino Whites (N=121), and other non-Latino youth (N=107), less acculturated (Spanish-dominant) Latino youth (N=212) reported the poorest body image. However, more acculturated Latino youth with poor body image had the greatest risk of substance use. More acculturated Latino boys who disliked their looks reported relatively greater amounts of recent alcohol use, and those who rated their bodies as too thin reported higher lifetime cigarette use, a greater amount and frequency of recent cigarette use, and weaker antidrug norms. More acculturated Latina girls who thought they were too fat reported a greater amount and frequency of recent cigarette use. These findings suggest that low levels of acculturation may protect some Latino youth with poor body image from coping via substance use. In addition, they suggest that poor body image among some Latinos may result less from adoption of American thinness ideals but rather from attitudes and behaviors that devalue the characteristics of Latino appearance.
Authors:
Tanya Nieri; Stephen Kulis; Verna M Keith; Donna Hurdle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0095-2990     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse     Publication Date:  2005  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-01     Completed Date:  2006-03-03     Revised Date:  2014-01-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502510     Medline TA:  Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  617-39     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acculturation*
Adolescent
Body Image*
Body Weight
Female
Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data
Humans
Male
Risk Factors
Southwestern United States / epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders / ethnology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5 R01 DA05629-07/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R24 DA013937/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R24 DA013937-05/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R24 DA13937-01/DA/NIDA NIH HHS
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