Document Detail

Body fat distribution and self-reported prevalence of hypertension, heart attack, and other heart disease in older women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2767849     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The associations of self-reported body mass and fat distribution with self-reported prevalence rates of hypertension, heart attack, and other heart disease were examined in a sample of 40,000 women, aged 55-69 years. Fat distribution was measured by the waist-to-hip circumference ratio (WHR), which had a mean +/- SD of 0.838 +/- 0.085. Prevalence of hypertension was significantly and positively associated with both body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio. The prevalence rate ratio for hypertension in the highest versus the lowest tertile of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio (considered jointly) was 2.7. Prevalence rates of heart attack and other heart disease were significantly and positively associated with waist-to-hip ratio but not with body mass index. The prevalence rate ratios were 2.2 for heart attack and 1.4 for other heart disease in the highest versus the lowest tertile of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio. Findings were substantiated using multiple logistic regression. These results support the hypothesis that a significant relationship exists between body fat distribution and the occurrence of cardiovascular disease in older women.
A R Folsom; R J Prineas; S A Kaye; J T Soler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of epidemiology     Volume:  18     ISSN:  0300-5771     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Epidemiol     Publication Date:  1989 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-09-27     Completed Date:  1989-09-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802871     Medline TA:  Int J Epidemiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  361-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455.
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MeSH Terms
Adipose Tissue*
Age Factors
Body Composition*
Body Weight
Coronary Disease / epidemiology*
Heart Diseases / epidemiology*
Hypertension / epidemiology*
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Grant Support
1R01-CA 39742-01/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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