Document Detail

Body consciousness, illness-related impairment, and patient adherence in hemodialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8907094     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Recent theory and evidence suggests that bodily self-focusing tendencies (e.g. private body consciousness) may be associated with medical regimen adherence among chronically ill patients. The present study examined the joint effects of private body consciousness and degree of illness-related physical impairment on treatment regimen adherence in a sample of 52 hemodialysis patients. It was predicted that the effect of PBC on adherence would vary as a function of patients' level of illness-related physical impairment. For patients experiencing more severe impairment, higher PBC scores were associated with poorer adherence to the prescribed medication and dietary regimen. In contrast, for patients experiencing a relatively low degree of disease-related physical impairment, higher private body consciousness was associated with more favorable adherence. Results are discussed in terms of self-focused attention and behavioral self-regulation theories. Implications for future research and clinical intervention are also discussed.
A J Christensen; J S Wiebe; D L Edwards; J D Michels; W J Lawton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of consulting and clinical psychology     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0022-006X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Consult Clin Psychol     Publication Date:  1996 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-03-04     Completed Date:  1997-03-04     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0136553     Medline TA:  J Consult Clin Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  147-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Activities of Daily Living / psychology
Body Image*
Internal-External Control
Kidney Failure, Chronic / psychology*
Middle Aged
Patient Compliance / psychology*
Personality Inventory
Renal Dialysis / psychology*
Sick Role*
Grant Support
1R29-DK 49129-01/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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