Document Detail

Body composition of healthy 7-and 8-year-old children and a comparison with the 'reference child'.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10643684     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: There are few longitudinal data on body composition in healthy children. This has prompted a reliance on notional standards such as the 'reference child', to validate new methods of determining body composition and comparing cross-sectional height, weight and fatness data.
OBJECTIVES: These were twofold-to provide normative longitudinal data on changes in body composition in healthy pre-pubertal children, and to compare measures of growth and body composition with the appropriate age-specific reference child.
DESIGN: A sample of healthy Scottish children aged 7-8y (n = 257) was recruited during 1991/1992. Data on height, weight, skinfold thickness and resistance from bioelectrical impedance analysis were collected twice, 12 months apart. Percentage body fat was estimated from both skinfolds and bioelectrical impedance.
RESULTS: Fat and fat-free mass, but not body mass index, differed between boys and girls. All measurements increased significantly over the 12 month period except percentage body fat from skinfolds in boys. The reference child comparison revealed that our sample was taller, heavier and fatter and gained weight and fat mass at a greater rate than the Fomon standards.
CONCLUSIONS: Data from the children in this study suggest that the reference child has a body composition which is now out of date. This may have important implications for body composition methodology. New references for height and weight may be required, but an upgrading of the body fat reference may conflict with public health aims to reduce obesity.
C H Ruxton; J J Reilly; T R Kirk
Related Documents :
3717334 - Determination of total adipose tissue and body fat in women by computed tomography, 40k...
14569044 - Predicting total body fat from anthropometry in latino children.
18534884 - Body composition in paraplegic men.
10355844 - The effects of pyruvate supplementation on body composition in overweight individuals.
20368914 - Serum paraoxonase activity and protein thiols in chronic renal failure patients.
16702324 - A combined deficiency of vitamins e and c causes severe central nervous system damage i...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity     Volume:  23     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord.     Publication Date:  1999 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-11     Completed Date:  2000-02-11     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9313169     Medline TA:  Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1276-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Body Composition*
Body Height
Body Weight
Cross-Sectional Studies
Electric Impedance
Longitudinal Studies
Reference Values
Skinfold Thickness

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Effects of inactivity and diet composition on human energy balance.
Next Document:  Increased intensity of a single exercise bout stimulates subsequent fat intake.