Document Detail

Body mass index has a linear relationship with cerebrospinal fluid pressure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22323469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP), as low BMI and low CSFP have recently been described as risk factors for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).
METHODS: This was a retrospective review of the electronic medical records of patients who had CSFP measured by lumbar puncture and data to calculate BMI at the Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN). Exclusion criteria included diagnoses, surgical procedures and medications known to affect CSFP. Mean CSFP for each unit BMI was calculated. The probabilities were two-tailed, and the α level was set at P < 0.05. Patients with documented BMI, CSFP, and intraocular pressure (IOP) were analyzed for the relationship between IOP and BMI.
RESULTS: A total of 4235 patients, primarily of Caucasian descent, met the entry criteria. Median BMI was 26 and the mean CSFP was 10.9 ± 2.6 mm Hg. The increase in CSFP with increasing BMI was linear with an r(2) = 0.20 (P < 0.001). CSFP increased by 37.7% from BMI 18 (8.6 ± 2.1 mm Hg) to BMI 39 (14.1 ± 2.5 mm Hg). The r(2) (0.21) of the model of BMI and sex was similar to the r(2) of a BMI-only model (0.20). There was no relation between IOP and BMI within a subgroup of the study population (r (2) = 0.005; P = 0.14).
CONCLUSIONS: CSFP has a positive, linear relationship with BMI. IOP is not influenced by BMI. If CSFP influences the risk for POAG, then individuals with a lower BMI may have an increased risk for developing POAG. Similarly, a higher BMI may be protective.
John P Berdahl; David Fleischman; Jana Zaydlarova; Sandra Stinnett; R Rand Allingham; Michael P Fautsch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-03-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Investigative ophthalmology & visual science     Volume:  53     ISSN:  1552-5783     ISO Abbreviation:  Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-19     Completed Date:  2012-05-03     Revised Date:  2013-06-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703701     Medline TA:  Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1422-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Vance Thompson Vision, University of South Dakota Medical Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Body Mass Index*
Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure / physiology*
Glaucoma, Open-Angle / etiology
Intraocular Pressure / physiology
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Sex Distribution
Young Adult
Grant Support

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