Document Detail

Blowing ratio as an evaluation tool for velopharyngeal function after oral and oropharyngeal cancer resection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19953620     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to evaluate the value of the blowing test to measure the speech and swallowing function after resection of oral or oropharyngeal cancer.
METHODS: Speech and swallowing functions of the patients after surgical resection of oral or oropharyngeal cancer were assessed by a speech intelligibility test, blowing time, questionnaires, and oropharyngeal pressures. Blowing time (pressure) ratio was determined by dividing blowing time (pressure) with open nose by blowing time (pressure) with closed nose.
RESULTS: Blowing time ratio had significant correlation with blowing pressure ratio (p = .014), score of speech intelligibility test (p = .0014), questionnaire for aspiration (p = .029), nasopharyngeal backflow (CC = 0.676, p = .032), amount of food to swallow (p = .037), and oropharyngeal pressure during swallowing (p = .024).
CONCLUSION: The present results demonstrated the value of blowing time ratio as a simple objective tool for speech and swallowing ability related to velopharyngeal function after resection of oral and oropharyngeal cancers.
Chieri Katoh; Miki Saitoh; Miki Tsuneyuki; Hitoshi Tanimoto; Kazunobu Hashikawa; Shinya Tahara; Naoki Otsuki; Ken-ichi Nibu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Head & neck     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1097-0347     ISO Abbreviation:  Head Neck     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-19     Completed Date:  2010-12-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8902541     Medline TA:  Head Neck     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1012-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2010.
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Airway Resistance / physiology*
Deglutition / physiology
Middle Aged
Mouth Neoplasms / pathology,  physiopathology*,  surgery*
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology,  physiopathology*,  surgery*
Predictive Value of Tests
Recovery of Function
Speech Intelligibility / physiology
Treatment Outcome
Velopharyngeal Sphincter / physiopathology*

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